Format of Manuscripts

Title page
The title page should carry the full title of the paper (up to 100 characters including spaces) and a short title to be used as a ‘running head’ (45 characters including spaces). The first name, middle initial and last name of each author should appear. If the work is to be attributed to a department or institution, its full name should be included. The name and address of the author responsible for correspondence should appear on the title page.


Abstracts and key words
The second page should carry an abstract. The length is limited to not more than 250 words. The abstract should be followed by a list of 3-10 keywords or short phrases.


Full papers of an experimental or observational nature may be divided into sections headed Introduction, Methods (including ethical and statistical information), Results, Discussion and a short Conclusion, although reviews may require a different format.


Acknowledge only those who have made a substantial contribution to the study. You must obtain written permission from people acknowledged by name.


Try to keep the number of references to the minimum. Not more than 30 references are recommended.


Harvard referencing style uses references in two places in a piece of writing: in the text and in a reference list at the end. In general, each author name that appears in the text must also appear in the reference list, and every work in the reference list must also be referred to in the main text.


The reference list should include full references for all in-text references used like the author, date of publication, title of the source, volume and issue numbers and page numbers. The list must be organised alphabetically by author, unless there is no author then it is ordered by the source title, excluding articles such as a, an or the. If there are multiple works by the same author these are ordered by date, if the works are in the same year they are ordered alphabetically by the title and are allocated a letter (a,b,c etc) after the date



Each table should be typed on a separate page in double spacing. Do not submit tables as photographs. Assign each table an Arabic numeral, e.g. (Table 3), in accordance with order of citation, and a brief title. Do not use vertical rules. Place explanatory matter in footnotes, not in the heading. Explain in footnotes all non-standard abbreviations that are used in each table.


References to figures and tables should be made in order of appearance in the text and should be in Arabic numerals in parentheses, e.g. (Fig. 2). The format of figure file must be compatible with tif or jpeg.


If you need to submit hard copies, label them clearly with the figure number, the title of the paper, the first author’s name and a mark indicating the top of the figure. If photographs of people are used, their identities must be obscured or the picture must be accompanied by written consent to use the photograph. If a figure has been published before, the original source must be acknowledged and written permission obtained from the copyright holder.




  • Lead Article: Invited papers from experts of international refutation.
  • Original research papers

A maximum of 3000 words with five tables or figures and 30 references using the Harvard style; all articles must include a structured abstract.

  • Review articles
    A maximum of 3000 words with 30 references using the Harvard style. All articles must include an abstract.
  • Short Communications
    Up to 1000 words plus abstract with one table or figure (optional); 5 references
  • Letters
    A maximum of 400 words in length, including title, text, name and address of author(s), and maximum two references included. Tables and figures are not permitted.
  • Speaker’s corner
    Personal viewpoints and debates on controversial issues can be included. Up to 1000 words and 5 references; up to 3 “pull-out” quotations. Tables, figures, and abstract are not permitted.
  • Outside the box
    Short structured reports of innovations in different fields; 750 words with subheadings; Tables, figures, and abstract are not permitted.


All articles submitted to the journal will undergo,

  1. Immediate review by publishing editors to assess compatibility with the house style and format and check for plagiarism (manually and electronically).
  2. The manuscripts that pass compatibility and plagiarism check will be sent for peer review. The panel of peer reviewers are experts in medical education. A single-blind peer review process will be followed. The reviewer recommendations will be,


Accept without changes


Accept without changes




If the reviewer recommendation is to reject, manuscript will be sent to a second reviewer.

The Editorial committee will take the final decision based on reviewer recommendations and inform the corresponding author.